Efficient adiabatic demagnetization refrigeration to below 50 mK with ultrahigh-vacuum-compatible ytterbium diphosphates AYbP2O7 (A=Na, K)

  • Attaining millikelvin (mK) temperatures is often a prerequisite for the study of quantum phenomena and the operation of quantum devices. Adiabatic demagnetization refrigeration (ADR) is an effective, easy, and sustainable alternative to evaporation or dilution cooling with the rare and superexpensive 3He. Paramagnetic salts, traditionally used for mK ADR, suffer from chemical instability related to water of crystallization. We report synthesis, characterization, as well as low-temperature magnetization and specific heat measurements of two alternative UHV-compatible candidate materials NaYbP2O7 and KYbP2O7. Utilizing the physical property measurement system at 2 K, the ADR of sintered pellets with Ag powder admixture starting at 5 T yields base temperatures (warm-up times) of 45 mK (55 min) and 37 mK (35 min) for NaYbP2O7 and KYbP2O7, respectively, slightly advantageous to KBaYb(BO3)2 (45 mK and 40 min) studied under similar conditions.

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Author:U. Arjun, K. M. Ranjith, Anton JescheORCiDGND, Fabian Hirschberger, D. D. Sarma, Philipp GegenwartGND
Frontdoor URLhttps://opus.bibliothek.uni-augsburg.de/opus4/105862
Parent Title (English):Physical Review Applied
Publisher:American Physical Society (APS)
Place of publication:College Park, MD
Year of first Publication:2023
Publishing Institution:Universität Augsburg
Release Date:2023/07/11
Tag:General Physics and Astronomy
First Page:014013
Institutes:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät / Institut für Physik
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät / Institut für Physik / Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik VI
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):Deutsches Urheberrecht