Chemokine receptor–targeted PET/CT provides superior diagnostic performance in newly diagnosed marginal zone lymphoma patients: a head-to-head comparison with [18F]FDG

  • Background In patients with marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), [18F]FDG PET/CT provided inconsistent diagnostic accuracy. C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is overexpressed in MZL and thus, may emerge as novel theranostic target. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CXCR4-targeting [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor when compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT in MZL. Methods Thirty-two untreated MZL patients (nodal, n = 17; extranodal, n = 13; splenic, n = 2) received [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor and [18F]FDG PET/CT within median 2 days. We performed a visual and quantitative analysis of the total lymphoma volume by measuring maximum/peak standardized uptake values (SUVmax/peak), and calculating target-to-background ratios (TBR, defined as lesion-based SUVpeak divided by SUVmean from blood pool). Visual comparisons for both radiotracers were carried out for all target lesions (TL), and quantitative analysis of concordant TL evident on both scans. Last, MZL subtype analyses were alsoBackground In patients with marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), [18F]FDG PET/CT provided inconsistent diagnostic accuracy. C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is overexpressed in MZL and thus, may emerge as novel theranostic target. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CXCR4-targeting [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor when compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT in MZL. Methods Thirty-two untreated MZL patients (nodal, n = 17; extranodal, n = 13; splenic, n = 2) received [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor and [18F]FDG PET/CT within median 2 days. We performed a visual and quantitative analysis of the total lymphoma volume by measuring maximum/peak standardized uptake values (SUVmax/peak), and calculating target-to-background ratios (TBR, defined as lesion-based SUVpeak divided by SUVmean from blood pool). Visual comparisons for both radiotracers were carried out for all target lesions (TL), and quantitative analysis of concordant TL evident on both scans. Last, MZL subtype analyses were also conducted. Results On a patient-based level, [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor identified MZL manifestations in 32 (100%) subjects (vs. [18F]FDG, 25/32 [78.1%]). Of the 256 identified TL, 127/256 (49.6%) manifestations were evident only on CXCR4-directed imaging, while only 7/256 (2.7%) were identified on [18F]FDG but missed by [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor. In the remaining 122/256 (47.7%) concordant TL, [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor consistently provided increased metrics when compared to [18F]FDG: SUVmax, 10.3 (range, 2.53–37.2) vs. 5.72 (2.32–37.0); SUVpeak, 6.23 (1.58–25.7) vs. 3.87 (1.54–27.7); P < 0.01, respectively. Concordant TL TBR on [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor (median, 3.85; range, 1.05–16.0) was also approximately 1.8-fold higher relative to [18F]FDG (median, 2.08; range, 0.81–28.8; P < 0.01). Those findings on image contrast, however, were driven by nodal MZL (P < 0.01), and just missed significance for extranodal MZL (P = 0.06). Conclusions In newly diagnosed MZL patients, [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor identified more sites of disease when compared to [18F]FDG, irrespective of MZL subtype. Quantitative PET parameters including TBR were also higher on [68Ga]Ga-PentixaFor PET/CT, suggesting improved diagnostic read-out using chemokine receptor-targeted imaging.show moreshow less

Download full text files

Export metadata

Statistics

Number of document requests

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Metadaten
Author:Aleksander Kosmala, Johannes Duell, Simone Schneid, Sebastian E. Serfling, Takahiro Higuchi, Alexander Weich, Constantin LapaORCiDGND, Philipp E. Hartrampf, Markus Raderer, Hermann Einsele, Andreas K. Buck, Max S. Topp, Wiebke Schlötelburg, Rudolf A. Werner
Frontdoor URLhttps://opus.bibliothek.uni-augsburg.de/opus4/109725
ISSN:1619-7070OPAC
ISSN:1619-7089OPAC
Parent Title (English):European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Type:Article
Language:English
Date of first Publication:2023/11/09
Publishing Institution:Universität Augsburg
Release Date:2023/12/08
Tag:Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging; General Medicine
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-023-06489-6
Institutes:Medizinische Fakultät
Medizinische Fakultät / Universitätsklinikum
Medizinische Fakultät / Lehrstuhl für Nuklearmedizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Latest Publications (not yet published in print):Aktuelle Publikationen (noch nicht gedruckt erschienen)
Licence (German):CC-BY 4.0: Creative Commons: Namensnennung (mit Print on Demand)