## Velocity multistability vs. ergodicity breaking in a biased periodic potential

- Multistability, i.e., the coexistence of several attractors for a given set of system parameters, is one of the most important phenomena occurring in dynamical systems. We consider it in the velocity dynamics of a Brownian particle, driven by thermal fluctuations and moving in a biased periodic potential. In doing so, we focus on the impact of ergodicity—A concept which lies at the core of statistical mechanics. The latter implies that a single trajectory of the system is representative for the whole ensemble and, as a consequence, the initial conditions of the dynamics are fully forgotten. The ergodicity of the deterministic counterpart is strongly broken, and we discuss how the velocity multistability depends on the starting position and velocity of the particle. While for non-zero temperatures the ergodicity is, in principle, restored, in the low temperature regime the velocity dynamics is still affected by initial conditions due to weak ergodicity breaking. For moderate and highMultistability, i.e., the coexistence of several attractors for a given set of system parameters, is one of the most important phenomena occurring in dynamical systems. We consider it in the velocity dynamics of a Brownian particle, driven by thermal fluctuations and moving in a biased periodic potential. In doing so, we focus on the impact of ergodicity—A concept which lies at the core of statistical mechanics. The latter implies that a single trajectory of the system is representative for the whole ensemble and, as a consequence, the initial conditions of the dynamics are fully forgotten. The ergodicity of the deterministic counterpart is strongly broken, and we discuss how the velocity multistability depends on the starting position and velocity of the particle. While for non-zero temperatures the ergodicity is, in principle, restored, in the low temperature regime the velocity dynamics is still affected by initial conditions due to weak ergodicity breaking. For moderate and high temperatures, the multistability is robust with respect to the choice of the starting position and velocity of the particle.…

Author: | Jakub Spiechowicz, Peter HänggiORCiDGND, Jerzy Łuczka |
---|---|

URN: | urn:nbn:de:bvb:384-opus4-925206 |

Frontdoor URL | https://opus.bibliothek.uni-augsburg.de/opus4/92520 |

ISSN: | 1099-4300OPAC |

Parent Title (English): | Entropy |

Publisher: | MDPI |

Type: | Article |

Language: | English |

Date of first Publication: | 2022/01/07 |

Publishing Institution: | Universität Augsburg |

Release Date: | 2022/02/10 |

Tag: | multistability; ergodicity; Brownian motion; tilted periodic potential |

Volume: | 24 |

Issue: | 1 |

First Page: | 98 |

DOI: | https://doi.org/10.3390/e24010098 |

Institutes: | Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät |

Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät / Institut für Physik | |

Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät / Institut für Physik / Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Physik I | |

Dewey Decimal Classification: | 5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik |

Licence (German): | CC-BY 4.0: Creative Commons: Namensnennung (mit Print on Demand) |