- The probability per unit time for a thermally activated Brownian particle to escape over a potential well is, in general, well-described by Kramers’s theory. Kramers showed that the escape time decreases exponentially with increasing barrier height. The dynamics slow down when the particle is charged and subjected to a Lorentz force due to an external magnetic field. This is evident via a rescaling of the diffusion coefficient entering as a prefactor in the Kramers’s escape rate without any impact on the barrier-height-dependent exponent. Here, we show that the barrier height can be effectively changed when the charged particle is subjected to a vortex flow. While the vortex alone does not affect the mean escape time of the particle, when combined with a magnetic field, it effectively pushes the fluctuating particle either radially outside or inside depending on its sign relative to that of the magnetic field. In particular, the effective potential over which the particle escapes canThe probability per unit time for a thermally activated Brownian particle to escape over a potential well is, in general, well-described by Kramers’s theory. Kramers showed that the escape time decreases exponentially with increasing barrier height. The dynamics slow down when the particle is charged and subjected to a Lorentz force due to an external magnetic field. This is evident via a rescaling of the diffusion coefficient entering as a prefactor in the Kramers’s escape rate without any impact on the barrier-height-dependent exponent. Here, we show that the barrier height can be effectively changed when the charged particle is subjected to a vortex flow. While the vortex alone does not affect the mean escape time of the particle, when combined with a magnetic field, it effectively pushes the fluctuating particle either radially outside or inside depending on its sign relative to that of the magnetic field. In particular, the effective potential over which the particle escapes can be changed to a flat, a stable, and an unstable potential by tuning the signs and magnitudes of the vortex and the applied magnetic field. Notably, the last case corresponds to enhanced escape dynamics.…